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Romeo and Juliet and William Shakespeare:
This research will assist English 9 students in not only a general study of Romeo and Juliet and its author, William Shakespeare, but will also guide learners to find information about different time periods and places in order to historically research a portfolio hat includes script, set design, costume design, a dictionary of terms from the era, and a marketing plan for the redesigned scene. This project is found in the Iowa Core Curriculum . Before starting this project, students need to decide which era/time period needs to be researched. Some questions to ask are how do the time, place, economics, and the culture of the 1920's impact the play.

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Iowa Core Curriculum Essential Concepts and Skills Reading Grade 9

Independently read a significant number of books and texts each year. This reading should include both fiction and nonfiction in a variety of genres.
Read for a variety of purposes and across content areas.
Read widely from fiction, nonfiction, and electronic resources for information and personal fulfillment
      • Include a significant number of books or texts
      • Include a variety of materials representing different literary forms and authors
      • Include nonfiction and fiction
      • Include traditional and contemporary literature
      • Provide choice to motivate wide reading
      • Provide materials that vary by topic and reading level
Electronic resources:
* Audio books
* Online resources
* EbscoHost databases
* Online newspapers and magazines
* Blogs and Wikis
* Iowa AEA Online

Use a variety of skills and strategies to comprehend complex nonfiction and informational text.
Read for purposes relating to fiction and nonfiction:
  • For information
  • To perform a task
  • For a literary experience
  • For enjoyment
Adjust reading rate and strategies according to purpose:
  • Read to study
  • Scan (to find a fact or answer)
  • Skim (for general concepts and ideas)
  • Practice technical reading

Use a variety of strategies and skills to comprehend and interpret complex literature.
Using a variety of skills and research-based strategies to comprehend complex nonfiction and informational text is an essential skill that a high school student must develop.
Opportunities to develop these skills should take place in all content areas, including English/Language Arts.
Skills and strategies include:
  • Understand the organization, structure, and elements of nonfiction and informational text.
  • Use graphic cues such as titles, headings, photos, illustrations, charts, and tables.
  • Use text structures such as description, sequence, chronological order, compare/contrast, problem-solution, cause/effect, main idea/detail, or classification.
  • Relate new information to prior knowledge and experience.
  • Generate questions to understand context.
  • Evaluate information critically based on relevancy, objectivity, and reliability.
  • Analyze the logic and use of evidence in author’s argument.
  • Evaluate information critically based on relevancy, objectivity, and reliability.
  • Analyze the logic and use of evidence in author’s argument.
  • Draw conclusions based on facts and inferences.
  • Restate or summarize information by determining main ideas and supporting details.
  • Synthesize information from multiple sources.
  • Discuss ideas in small and large groups

Read with fluency silently and aloud to support comprehension.
Using a variety of skills and research-based strategies to comprehend and interpret literary text is an essential skill that a high school student must develop.
Opportunities to develop these skills may be offered most frequently in the English/Language Arts classroom but may be reinforced in other content areas using fiction that supports the content being learned.
Skills and strategies include:
Make predictions and draw inferences
  • Generate questions
  • Determine importance
  • Monitor and adjust as needed to make clarifications
  • Evaluate the text to include character motivation and literary devices (e.g., foreshadowing, symbolism)
  • Analyze literature based on the literary elements: setting, plot, characterization, theme, mood, point of view, and tone
  • Summarize
  • Synthesize literary materials
  • Visualize by depicting key events and characters in nontext representations
  • Engage in small and large group discussion

Use a variety of strategies to understand unfamiliar vocabulary found in narrative text, technical reading, and literary text.
  • Read in phrases, clauses, and sentences.
  • Attend to punctuation.
  • Read accurately and smoothly with rhythm, flow, and meter; resolve difficulties quickly, usually through self-correction.
  • Read with phrasing and expression to convey meaning (prosody).
  • Pace appropriately for comprehension (rate).

  • Use a variety of strategies to learn word meanings of unfamiliar vocabulary found in narrative text, informational text, technical reading, and literary text:
  • Use structural analysis to decode words (prefixes, suffixes, inflectional endings).
  • Use knowledge of root words, word origins, derivations, synonyms, antonyms, and idioms to determine the meanings of vocabulary found in narrative texts, informational texts, technical reading, and literary text.
  • Understand the meaning of most words in a text.
  • Use a variety of strategies to understand the meaning of specialized and technical terms and idiomatic and figurative terms.
  • Demonstrate flexibility in extending the meaning of words.
  • Use glossary, dictionary, thesaurus, and other resources appropriately.

Iowa Core Curriculum Essential Concepts and Skills Economics Grades 9-12
Understand the local, state, regional, national, and international factors that create patterns of interdependence in the global economy.
  • Understand government policies affect economic institutions.
Understand the role of scarcity and economic trade-offs and how economic conditions impact people’s lives.
  • Understand increases and decreases in productivity are influenced by positive and negative incentives.

Iowa Core Curriculum Essential Concepts and Skills Geography Grades 9-12
Understand how culture affects the interaction of human populations through time and space.
  • Understand technology and human mobility have changed various cultural landscapes.
  • Understand the processes of spatial change have affected history.
  • Understand the role culture plays in incidences of cooperation and conflict in the present day world.
  • Understand the causes of boundary conflicts and internal disputes between culture groups.
  • Understand diverse cultural responses to persistent human issues.

Understand how cultural factors influence the design of human communities.
  • Understand the impact of changing global patterns of trade and commerce on the local community and predict the future impact of these patterns.
  • Understand cultures influence the characteristics of regions.
  • Understand people create places that reflect culture, human needs, government policy, and current values and ideals as they desing and build places.

The following are lists of resources you could use to help assist you in your research of Shakespeare and the 1920 era:

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trade & Reference Publishers, 2006) (Dictionary Stands -Ref Desk, 2nd fl stdy lng, 3rd fl by 1 elevator or multipr Rm). Pictures and detailed information is given to allow you to generate a great list of synonyms for your search.
Terms to search: Shakespeare, London, Stratford-on-Avon, Romeo and Juliet, Globe Theater, Flappers, and Prohibition.


Encyclopedia Britannica On-line Academic Edition, Available through UNI A-Z Databases. AE5.E363 Data AtoZ
(Found: Dictionary Stands - Ref. Desk, 2nd fl study lounge, 3rd floor by 1 elevator or multipr. Rm)
Many audio and video links are available with this source. This also makes it easy to get side-tracked! There are links that go to suggested topics on the left margin.
Terms to search: Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, The Bard, star-crossed lovers, Shakespearian plays. Elizabethan Dramas , Shakespeare was born in the 16th Century, but did a lot of his writing late in that century and early in the 17th Century. Romeo and Juliet was written in 1594-95, Verona, Italy; Shakespeare was born in Stratford Upon Avon.; London was also mentioned. 6. People Involved with the Topic - Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet based upon a poem by Arthur Broke (or Brooke), who wrote his poem based on one by Matteo Bandello, authorship, and gender studies.

World Book On-line Advanced: Available through Iowa AEA AEA Online World Book Online This source allows you to use a dictionary, atlas, and newspapers to help you in your research. Not only can you get articles, but images as well. In the left margin after a search has been entered, it list different sources that the information is available in (encyclopedias, e-books, primary sources, dictionary, pictures, back in time, and digital libraries). If you click on the “Print sub-section” link, the text is much more readable.
Terms to use for search: Chamberlain's Men, Globe Theatre, Bard of Avon, Swan of Avon, Star-Crossed lovers, Westside Story, Dramatic Tragedy, First Folio, Feminist Criticism, and Gender Studies; First performed in 1596, first published 1597;lifespan: 1564-1616 ; Stratford on Avon; London; Verona, Italy; Ben Jonson, Montagues/Capulets (fictional), Matteo Bandello, Arthur Brooke; English Literature; Elizabethan Drama, and Women’s Suffrage Movement

Encyclopedia of World Biography (Gale, 1998;2009) 18v. All are in High School Core Collection. REF CT 103 .E56 Data A-Z incl. in Biography Resource Center. Volumes include a summary of person with lifespan; picture. Source gives further reading one might like to do and categorizes eras or accomplishments. The available index volume lists subjects and persons of interest. This source is really good index for cross referencing.
Term to use for search: William Shakespeare

Gale Virtual Reference Library: Gale Reference LibraryAvailable through UNI's Rod Library and YR809 S. Be sure to scroll down to the bottom of an article that you choose to look at, as other topics are listed to help you use synonyms. Some of these you can click on to go to other links. Some of the articles you can click on a speaker to listen to the article as it is read to you. Be sure to get headphones from Ms. Ehlers or Ms. Cufr if you choose this option.
Terms to use for search: Under Basic Search: Romeo and Juliet (pay special attention to "Romeo and Juliet" by Paolo Fasolia, from Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender as well as "Star-Crossed Lovers" if you are interested in looking at gender issues concerning this play), star-crossed lovers.

Academic Search Elite (EBSCO): EBSCOAEA Online. Click on TOPICsearch on EBSCOhost Web. You can find pictures of people in the time period wearing period clothing, as well as read some articles that explain the era.

Terms to use for search: 1920 (click on the circle that says "Find all my search terms" AND click on the box that says "Apply related terms".)

Panther Prowler: available through UNI's Rod Library: Panther Prowler With the illegalization of alcohol, this would impact many scenes in the play. Interesting that in the search of prohibition, there are also articles listed about women's movements concerning prohibition. There is also more specific information about flappers.

Terms to use for search: 1920* prohibition, flapper*

ABC-CLIO American History Abc-Clio This source is a great place to look at the popular culture during the 1920's. On the right, use the "Pop Culture Universe: Icons, Idols,Ideas" link, then on the left click on the black bar/link: "Explore a Decade." You will then find a black title "1920's: The Roaring Twenties. Underneath are 4 links you may click on to explore the different cultural aspects of the 1920's.

HC Oxford Reference Oxford Music Online Online or Digital Reference ShelfA/M REF N31 .D5 / A/M REF ML 100 .N48 Databases A-Z Oxford Art Online / Oxford Music Online. This source includes a wide scope of areas from women in music, to timelines, to different types of music (opera and contemporary music) to lists of composers. If you wanted to play some music during the party/dance scene, as well as during intermission, then you would have a list of composers and musicians during that time era that could be used. Note: there are not links where you could actually hear/listen to the songs that were listed! This is great way to start to learn about music from other eras. If you click on a biography, you could also click a link that listed music titles that this composer wrote and the date the music was written.
Terms to use for search: Jazz and 1920*

Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion (Gale, 2005) 3 volumes. REF GT 5-7 /E53 Data A-Z GVRL
pics are organize according to a specific fashion piece, country/region, or person or designer. The books are orgainzed A-Z and are found on-line in Rod Library. Photos are black and white. There is no index. 1. Terms : flapper, semi-flapper,flapper, superflapper, Popular culture2. Synonyms: Fashion Trend 3. Events: 4. Dates/Important Events: Jazz Age, Response of WWI, 1920's 5. Location/Specific Names 6. People : Coco Chanel and Jean Patou wore this style.

The Great World Atlas (DK, 2002;2008)1v. YR 912 G
Great World Atlas is divided by global areas. Index includes all placenames which are found by page number and then the coorleations on the grid on that map on that page. Each country has a topographical map as well as information about rural-vs-urban population, industry, transportation, and standard of living among some. Information about life on Earth, population/settlement, economic systems, political world, state/boundaries and international disputes is included. This offers a great start to get a feel for a country/area.


Magazine: "Fashioning the College Woman" from Student Research Center (EBSCO) AEA Online Ebsco
EBSCO search engine offers many periodical and other resources can be checked to help broaden/narrow the search. One can alter the dates of publications desired as well. Not all articles are available to read in its entirety. You can save things in a folder and also click on an article and then click on find similar articles. There are many pictures featured which will help you find the fashion of that era. Terms to use for search: Fashion, 1920*, Smith College, and women* suffrage movement.

Newspaper: The New York Times: from New York Times On-line New York Times This site displays the New York Times front page on October 30, 1929. This was the day after Black Tuesday, when the U.S. Stock Market crashed. This event had the most economic impact of the United States' history.


Non-Fiction: 20th Century Journey: A Memoir of a Life and the Times by William L. Shirer: B SHI (New York : Simon and Schuster, c1976 : Please note, the copyright may seem dated, but the 1920's was also a long time ago). A journalist and foreign correspondent recounts his childhood and youth in the United States, and his years in Europe during the 1920's. This might help you get a first hand account of the 1920's. Available at the North Tama High School Library.

The 1920s Decade in Photos: The Roaring Twenties Jim Corrigan, Enslow Publishers, Inc 64 pages; j973.915 C825n Book available through Inter-library Loan through UNI’s Rod Library from Columbus Metropolitan Library.

63 pages with b/w and colored photos. Index available as well as lists of further resources available, including websites. Photos show and tell what the 1920s were like. Information about Harlem Renaissance, gangsters, women voting, Flappers, KKK, Prohibition, Jazz on the radio, Art Deco, Gangsters, the beginning of The Great Depression, Palmer Raids are also included. Even though the information seems elementary, the information is concise and to the point. This book offers easy glimpses into this era, as well as offering some opportunities to find some great search words to use in future searches.

The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby


Fiction: Twenties Girl, by Sophie Kinsella: Fic. Kinsella (Dial Press Trade, Reprint edition (March 9, 2010), 448 pages). Available from Traer Public Library. This humorous account of a woman from the 1920's, lets you know the life of a flapper.

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald: F Fit, (Scribner, copyright 1953, 216 pages). Available from North Tama Secondary Library. This classic will give you a taste of how the wealthy lived in the 1920's. This will offer a nice comparison to the wealthy Capulets and Montagues.

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Flapper to use this, click on the link "Flapper" and then there is a listing of videos you may watch. Click on the link that says "America: the Roaring Twenties" for a look at the dancing that was in style at that time.
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Dewey Decimal Help:
Ref 031: American Women
Ref 301.451 MAB: Black America
Ref 331.4 SCH: Women in the Workplace
Ref 423 McA- Ref 423.WO: Dictionaries
Ref 902.52 CHR - 901 BAT: 20th Century
Ref 913.3 TIS: 1920's
Ref 920 FEL: Influential Women

Ms. Ehlers!
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