Weather

This pathfinder is intended to assist students in second grade with locating
resources and information about weather, specifically seasons. Seasons
occur all over the world, but differ in various regions and climates. People,
animals, agriculture, tourism and more are affected by the seasons.

Iowa Core Curriculum Essential Concepts and Skills

Science
Understand and apply knowledge of observable information about daily and seasonal
weather conditions.
• Weather changes from day to day and over the seasons.
• The sun provides the light and heat necessary to maintain the temperature of the earth.
Understand and apply knowledge of events that have repeating patterns.
• Seasons of the year, day and night are events that are repeated in regular patterns.
• The sun’s position in the sky can be observed and described.
• The sun can only be seen during our daylight hours. We are unable to see the sun at
night because of the rotation of the earth.

Literacy
Read for a variety of purposes and across content areas.
• Read for purposes relating to fiction and nonfiction:
- For information
- For enjoyment
• Practice reading rate and strategies according to purpose:
- Read to study

Engage in the information literacy process: access, evaluate, and communicate
information and ideas.
Access information:
• Generate questions and seek answers.
• Select a topic.
• Locate specific, relevant information from given source material.
Evaluate information:
• Quality
• Coverage
Communicate information and ideas:
• Use information accurately and responsibly.
• Communicate main ideas with original writing.
• Use technology to communicate ideas.

Mathematics
Use information displayed on graphs to answer questions and make predictions,
inferences and generalizations such as likely or unlikely events.
• Answer simple questions relating to the information displayed on a graph, table, or list.
• Use interviews, surveys, and observations to collect data that answers questions about
themselves and their surroundings.
• Analyze information by asking and answering questions about the data.
• Contrast different sets of data displayed on the same type of graph to draw conclusions
and make generalizations.
• Use information from data to make observations and inferences, draw conclusions, and
make predictions.

21st-Century Skills
Utilize predetermined digital resources and tools to answer questions or solve problems.
• Follow a plan of action to guide inquiry by using predetermined digital resources.
• Locate and organize information from a variety of sources and media.
• Review provided resources, explain why they are or are not useful, and use information
appropriately.
• Identify, read, and report data from charts, graphs, and other sources.

Resources

Encyclopedias
World Book Kids Online (http://www.worldbookonline.com/kids/Home)
Provides basic articles at a primary level. A good starting point for general information and a
broad range of weather-related topics.
Search: Science and Mathematics – Physical Science – Weather using the links at the left of the
screen, or type in “weather AND seasons” in the “search it” bar at the top of the screen.

Scholastic Children’s Encyclopedia (Scholastic, 2004, YR 031 S)
Brief article (roughly 2 pages) about weather written at a basic level. Subheadings make it easy
for students to locate information within the article. Pictures and diagrams supplement the text.
Search: In the index, look under “W” for weather. Also, see “S” for seasons.

UXL Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters (Gale/UXL, 2008, YR 551 U)
Includes tables, pictures, and a helpful section of weather words to know. Also includes books
and websites to search for more info.
Search: Volume 1 provides a basic weather overview and Volume 5 covers forecasting and
climate. Search the index in those volumes for seasons.

Dictionary

Merriam-Webster Primary Dictionary (Merriam-Webster, 2005, YR 423 M)
Large text and simple sentences make this a good resource for primary students. Includes
colorful illustrations, example sentences, riddles, and parts of speech.
Search: Arranged alphabetically like a standard dictionary. Basic terms like weather, clouds, rain,
etc. can be found.

Atlases
Goode’s World Atlas (Rand McNally, 2005, YR 912 G)
With some coaching, students can use this atlas to find information about climate, wind, and
rainfall in different regions of the world. Includes maps only; no words.
Search: Use the table of contents or index to search for a specific continent, country, or region.

DK First Atlas (DK Children, 2004, YR 912 D)
With bright, colorful photographs, bold headings, brief paragraphs, and user-friendly table of
contents and index, this is a good resource for students to find information about life and climate
in various countries.
Search: Use the table of contents or index to search for specific continent and country.

Biographical
Current Biography Yearbook (Wilson, 2008,
http://www.hwwilson.com/print/cbyrbook_2008.cfm)
Text may be harder than primary students are capable of reading independently. However, this
resource includes biographies on current scientists in all fields, and students may find great
information about meteorologists and others who have studied or contributed to weather findings.
Search: Index is sorted by profession, so try searching for science or meteorologist.

Almanac
World Almanac for Kids (World Almanac, 2009, YR 030 W)
Easy to find information about Earth science and weather. Pictures, diagrams, charts, and graphs
provide supplemental information.
Search: Use the index to search for weather and weather-related topics.

Fiction / Poetry
Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry in Anthologies (Columbia, 2007, REF
PN1022 .G7)
Search: Using the index and searching by subject, myriad poems about weather can be found.

Index to Children's Poetry (Wilson, 1993-97, YR 808 B)
Search: Easy-to-use index lists by title, author, and subject. Searching for weather turns up many results.

Newspaper / Magazine Articles
Wunder, S. (1999, April 15). Itching for spring. Christian Science
Monitor, p. 18. Retrieved from Ebsco Newspaper Source. Reflects on
changes that come with springtime. Effect of the warmer weather on the animals used in
maintaining a dairy farm; The itching that accompanies the shedding of the horses' winter coats;
Clothing that is put away until the next winter; The cold-weather solitude of the farm.
Search: Search weather AND seasons by subject.

(2004). The Right Balance. Kids Discover, 14(8), 8. Retrieved from
Primary Search database. Focuses on the importance of the right amount of rain in the
summer and enough sunny dry weather in the winter to the survival of plants and animals in the
Florida Everglades. Impact of lack of water on animal habitats; Overview of the wet and dry
season in southern Florida; Importance of wetlands like the Everglades; Difficulty that newborn
apple snails have in surviving in dry conditions.
Search: Search weather AND seasons to narrow the number and relevance of articles.

Videos
100% Educational Videos. (2003). The Four Seasons [Full Video].
Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/
From the snow of winter to the first flowers of spring, children see the wonder and magic of our
changing seasons and the patterns of life. Students witness how changes in climate and weather
affect their lives. They understand that weather changes seasonally, affecting the earth and the
people who live on the Earth.
Search: To find more videos about weather and the seasons, type weather AND seasons into the
search bar on the DE Streaming homepage (I found 124 results).

Cycles and Seasons. Classroom Video, 1998. Retrieved April 4, 2010,
from Learn360: http://www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?ID=132216
Explains how the revolution of the Earth around the Sun causes the seasons, dictates the length
of the year, causes the solstices and equinoxes, and causes the extreme weather at the poles.
Search: To find the most relevant videos, type “seasons” into the search bar, then narrow along
the left-hand side of the screen by clicking “Science and Technology”, “Earth Science”, and
“Seasons.”

Your Teacher Librarian
Be sure to ask your teacher librarian if you’re stuck! I can point you in the right direction, help you narrow your topic, and help
you find and evaluate more resources.